Unknown Parade in Unknown City (Possibly Chanute or Ottawa). Original Photo in Chanute Library.
THIS MONTH IN THE CIVIL WAR IN KANSAS
INFORMATION FROM "THE ANNALS OF KANSAS" BY DANIEL W. WILDER
PUBLISHED IN 1875
SEPTEMBER.-- George W. Kingsbury starts, at Junction City, the Smoky Hill and Republican Union.
--H. T. Geery starts the Frontier, at Junction City. Geo. E. Dummer soon succeeds him. In March 1862, two companies of Kansas soldiers destroyed the office.
SEPTEMBER 2.-- Battle of Dry Wood. Rebels under Rains; Union men under Cols Montgomery, Jennison and Johnson, and Capts. Moonlight, Richie, Williams and Stewart.
SEPTEMBER 3.-- Platte River Ridge massacre. Barclay Coppoc and others were killed. Coppoc was with John Brown at Harper's Ferry, and was a Lieutenant in Montgomery's regiment when killed. His remains were given a military burial at Leavenworth, on the 6th. Nineteen persons were killed in this Rebel massacre.
SEPTEMBER 4.-- St. Joseph in the hands of Rebels.
--Skirmish at Shelbina, Mo. Capt. J. R. McClure, of the Second Kansas, has his foot shot off.
SEPTEMBER 7.-- Atchison in danger. Five companies go to her assistance from Jefferson, Jackson and Doniphan counties.
SEPTEMBER 8.-- The First Kansas at Hannibal.
SEPTEMBER 11.-- President Lincoln orders Gen. Fremont to so modify his Emancipation Order as to make it conform with the provisions of the act of Congress on the same subject.
SEPTEMBER 12.-- Humboldt sacked by Rebels.
SEPTEMBER 15.-- The Second Kansas arrives in Leavenworth. The regiment given a public reception on the 16th.
SEPTEMBER 20.-- Siege of Lexington, Mo. Surrender of Cols. Mulligan, Peabody, and Marshall with 2,500 men, after four days struggle.
SEPTEMBER 17.-- Battle of Morristown, Mo. Col. H. P. Johnson of Leavenworth, killed.
SEPTEMBER 20.-- The John Brown song first sung in Leavenworth.
SEPTEMBER 21.-- Col. Judson, of the Sixth Kansas, returns from the Neutral Lands, having routed the marauders and killed Matthews.
SEPTEMBER 23.-- Lane takes Osceola and burns it.
SEPTEMBER 25.-- Gen Prentiss takes command at St. Joseph.
SEPTEMBER 26.-- Vanity Fair, the New York humorous paper, publishes the following:
K. T. DID.
"We learn from Kansas Territory, that Captain Jennison, of border fame, has offered six hundred of his well-known 'Jayhawkers,' all bold riders and well mounted, to the Union cause; also, that other mounted regiments will shortly be organized. Good for K. T.!" --Western Paper.
| From her
borders, far away,
Kansas blows a trumpet call,
Answered by the loud "hurrah!"
Of her troopers, one and all.
"Knife and pistol, sword and spur!"
Cries K. T.---
"Let my troopers all concur
To the old flag, no demur---
Hence the song of jubilee,
Platyphillis from the tree,
High among the branches bid,
Sings all night so merrily---
"K. T. did,
She did---she did!"
|Thirty score JAYHAWKERS bold,
Kansas men of strong renown,
Rally round the banner old,
Casting each his gauntlet down,
"Good for Kansas," one and all
Cry to her;
Riding to her trumpet call,
Blithe as to a festival,
Hence the revel and the glee,
As the chanter from the tree,
High among the branches bid,
Sings all night so merrily---
"K. T. did!
She did---she did!"
SEPTEMBER 30.-- Lane's brigade arrives in Kansas City. Sturgis is there.
SEPTEMBER.-- Organization of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Kansas.
SEPTEMBER 6.-- The Judicial Convention at Hiawatha unanimously renominates Albert H. Horton for Judge.
SEPTEMBER 7.-- Quantrell enters Olathe with a large force, kills several men, robs the stores, and destroys the offices of the Mirror and the Herald.
-- Governor Robinson issues an order for a complete organization of the Militia. The name of S. R. Shepherd appears as Secretary of State.
SEPTEMBER 10.-- Organization of the Second Battery.
SEPTEMBER 12.-- T. Dwight Thacher resumes the publication of the Lawrence Republican.
SEPTEMBER 13.-- Thos. Ewing, jr., resigns, as Chief Justice, to take command of the Eleventh regiment.
-- John A. Halderman is appointed Major General of the Militia of northern Kansas.
SEPTEMBER 16.-- Organization of the Third Indian regiment.
SEPTEMBER 17.-- Battle of Antietam.
SEPTEMBER 17.-- Republican State Convention at Topeka. Called to order by T. Dwight Thacher. Vote for Chairman: F. P. Baker, of Nemaha, 41; James Scott, of Linn, 28, M. R. Dutton was chosen Secretary Committee on Credentials: Legate, Murdock, Burnett, Odell, Wheeler, Bishop, and Wakefield. Committee on Permanent Organization: Colton, McDowell, Thomas, Empie, Maxson, Drinkwater, and Pound.
Officers: President, F. P. Baker, of Nemaha; Vice Presidents, George W. Gardiner of Leavenworth, Coldman of Coffey, Shipley of Miami; Secretaries, M. R. Dutton of Jefferson, Griffith of Franklin, D. B. Emmert of Bourbon.
The call for the Convention placed the nomination of the Member of Congress before that of Governor. Ed. Russell, of Doniphan, moved to nominate in that order. Lost, by 27 to 41. This was a triumph of Lane and Carney, and the defeat of George A. Crawford.
Committee on Resolutions: Woodworth, of Atcllison ; Sherry, of Nemaha; Crosby, of Jefferson; McKee, of Leavenworth ; and Scott, of Linn.
Committee to Investigate Charges of Corruption Against Certain Candidates: McDowell, Russell, Fairchild, Thomas, Riggs, Burnett, and Reynolds.
Adjourned till morning. On reassembling, the Committee reported that there were no charges worthy of consideration.
Ballot for Governor: Thomas Carney, 42; George W. Collamore, 22; William A. Phillips, 9. Ballot for Lieutenant Governor: Thomas A. Osborn, of Doniphan, 50; John J. Ingalls, of Atchison, 22 ; George A. Crawford, of Bourbon, 2. On motion of James P. Legate, of Johnson, George A. Crawford was nominated for Secretary of State by acclamation. A committee appointed to wait on Mr. Crawford reported that he accepted the nomination unconditionally. In fact, he absolutely refused the nomination. Ballot for Auditor: Asa Hairgrove, of Linn, 39; Samuel Lappin, of Nemaha, 24; C. S. Lambdin, of Butler, 9; Martin Anderson, of Jackson, 3. Ballot for Treasurer: William Spriggs, of Anderson, 40; Judge John A. Wakefield, of Douglas, 32; John R. Swallow, of Lyon. 3. Ballot for Superintendent of Public Instruction: Isaac T. Goodnow. of Riley, 34; John Francis, of Johnson, 17; S. W. Greer, of Leavenworth, 2; S. M. Thorp, of Douglas, 3; Win. A. Bishop, of Saline, 6; Abram Ellis, of Miami, 9; H. I). Preston, of Osage, 2; Watson. 1. Prof. Goodnow was, on motion, declared the nominee. Ballot of Attorney General: Warren W. Guthrie, of Brown, 42; C. K. Gilchrist, of Shawnee, 29; Mr. Lowe, 1. Associate. Justice: L. D. Bailey, of Lyon, 31; Azel Spaulding, of Jefferson, 13; J. H. Watson, of Lyon, 21 : Judge McKay, of Wyandotte, 8. On the second ballot Bailey received 44, Watson 28.
Evening Session.— First ballot for Congress: A. C. Wilder 29, M. F. Conway 25, T. D. Thacher 10, W. W. H. Lawrence 10, Wm. A. Phillips 1. Second ballot: Wilder 34, Conway 27, Thacher 11, Lawrence 4. Sixth ballot: Wilder 37, Conway 23, Thacher 15. Seventh ballot: Wilder 41, Conway 20, Thacher 14. A letter is read from Thos. Ewing, jr., in which he says he will not resign as Chief Justice, unless he receives a commission as Colonel of the Eleventh.
State Central Committee: Samuel F. Atwood of Leavenworth, John J. Ingalls of Atchison, Sidney Clarke of Douglas, W. R. Saunders of Coff'ey, 3. F. Newlon of Lyon, Chester Thomas of Shawnee, L. R. Palmer of Pottawatomie.
Speeches were made by Thos. Carney, A. C. Wilder, J. II. Lane, J. C. Vaughan, C. R. Jennison, and John A. Wakefield. The following platform was adopted:
"Resolved, That, as the representatives of the people of Kansas, we do most heartily endorse the administration of the President of the United States; that, having implicit confidence in the integrity of his character, and the steadfastness of his purpose, we will co-operate with him to the extent of our ability in his efforts to preserve aad perpetuate the Union, that we desire a vigorous prosecution of the war, and a speedy and effectual vindication of a just and liberal Government, sought to be overthrown.
"Resolved, That we have full confidence in the ability and integrity of the nominees of this Convention; that we pledge to them our united support; and that we invite all friends of the Union, and advocates of the settlements above enunciated, to co-operate with us in securing their election."
SEPTEMBER 18.-- D. R. Anthony, Lieutenant Colonel of the Seventh, resigns and return to Leavenworth, from Mississippi.
-- Appearance of the Leavenworth Evening Bulletin, published by Henry Buckingham, A. N. Hamilton and George F. Prescott.
-- The Conservative during the campaign, edited by Ward Burlingame.
-- Burrell B. Taylor is again editing the Inquirer.
SEPTEMBER 22.-- President Lincoln's first Emancipation Proclamation. The Chicago Tribune says: "So splendid a vision has hardly shone upon the world since the day of the Messiah."
SEPTEMBER 24.-- The body of Capt. John Lockhart, of the Fifth, reaches Leavenworth from Helena, Ark. He was one of the truest and worthiest of the young pioneers and soldiers of Kansas. His family resided at McCamish, Johnson county.
--Capt. Plumb, of Company C, Eleventh Regiment, is elected Major.
SEPTEMBER 29.-- Union State Convention at Lawrence. Called to order by Mr. Graves, of Woodson. W. W. Updegraff of Miami, temporary Chairman, J. K. Goodin, of Franklin, Secretary.
Committee on Permanent Organization: Thos. Murphy of Atchison, A. J. Mead of Riley, Benj. F. Simpson of Miami, Hadley of Wyandotte, Ford of Douglas, Samuel A. Stinson of Leavenworth, N. S. Goss of Woodson.
Officers: President, W. W. Updegraff; Vice Presidents, Chas. G. Keeler of Johnson, Graves of Woodson, Benton of Atchison; Secretary, Hovey E. Lowman, of Douglas.
Committee on Platform: Stinson, Mead, Benton, Goss, Hadley, Roberts of Miami, and Ford of Douglas.
The following platform is adopted:
"First: That the condition of our country and State imperatively demands that all good and loyal citizens should, without distinction of party, unite in supporting the National Government in its efforts to crush the rebellion, and in maintaining the liberties of our people against threatened assaults from powerful and tyrannical political demagogues.
"Second: That there are now no open questions in regard to the present policy of the National Administration; its only policy should be to maintain the integrity of the Government, and re-establish the authority of the Constitution and the laws at every sacrifice.
"Third: That while there are among us differences of opinion upon minor questions of policy in the prosecution of the war, we are all agreed that the measures adopted should be those which will bear with the most crushing effect upon the Rebellion.
"Fourth: That the people, absorbed in the dangers which menace the country and the State, have neglected and abandoned the old political organizations, and these organizations have become the exponents of the schemes and ambition of demagogues and cliques. They present no issues of principles or policy, and only serve as the machinery to corrupt the elective franchise, and divide the loyal men of the nation.
"Fifth: That recent events in our own State have demonstrated the danger of disgrace attendant upon the active continuance of party organizations at this time. Federal patronage imprudently entrusted to dishonest politicians; open pecuniary bribery, and every species of corruption, have notoriously controlled the action of a recent political convention in this State, and placed in nomination candidates for office tainted with disgrace of the assembly which presented them. To defeat this scheme, devised to control the destinies of the State by bribery, we pledge ourselves to use our most earnest and determined efforts.
"Sixth: That the people of Kansas love their liberties too dearly, and prize the elective franchise too highly, tamely to submit to the threatened attempt to control the coming election by violence from any quarter. Against corruption we will appeal to the honesty and integrity of the people; but at the sacrifice of life itself we will defend the purity and the freedom of the ballot box from armed interference."
The following nominations were made by acclamation: Governor, W. R. Wagstaff, of Miami; Lieutenant Governor, John J. Ingalls of Atchison; Secretary of State, James Humphrey of Riley; Treasurer, D. L. Lakin of Jefferson; for Congress, M. J. Parrott, of Leavenworth; Attorney General, David P. Lowe, of Linn; Chief Justice, Willard P. Gambell, of Leavenworth; Associate Justice, Ed. S. Lowman of Douglas. Ballot for Auditor: N. S. Goss, 22; C. G. Keeler, 13. For Superintendent of Public Instruction: E. D. Brown, of Wyandotte, 22; S. M. Thorp, of Douglas, 8. State Central Committee: James C. Horton, of Douglas, A. J. Mead of Riley, M. R. Benton of Atchison, J. M. Roberts of Miami, A. L. Williams of Shawnee. There were delegates in the Convention from eleven counties; Nemaha, Leavenworth, Atchison, Wyandotte, Johnson, Miami, Douglas, Franklin, Woodson, Riley and Shawnee.
SEPTEMBER.-- Organization of the Fifteenth Kansas begins.
SEPTEMBER 7.-- M. M. Murdock founds the Burlingame Chronicle. W. F. Chalfant, the present proprietor, bought it in January, 1872.
SEPTEMBER 8.-- Convention at Paola. President, T. A. Osborn; Vice Presidents, A. H. Dean, D. P. Lowe, I. Ford, W. H. M. Fishback, Johnson Clark, J. A. Woodworth, D. M. Valentine; Secretaries, D. W. Wilder, D. B. Emmert, Henry Buckingham, James C. Horton. Resolutions adopted asking the removal of Generals Schofield and Ewing, and the establishment of a new military department.
SEPTEMBER 10.-- Samuel Hallett at work on the Kansas Public Railway at Wyandotte.
SEPTEMBER 19.-- Battle of Chicamauga.
SEPTEMBER 1.-- Hood evacuates Atlanta.
-- In the full, Frank G. Adams started the Atchison Daily Free Press. It was consolidated with the Champion in August, 1868.
SEPTEMBER 6.-- Fort Zarah established, by Gen. Curtis.
SEPTEMBER 8.-- Republican State Convention, at Topeka. Called to order by Jacob Stotler. M. R. Dutton, temporary Chairman; John T. Cox, Secretary.
Committee on Credentials: Emmert, of Bourbon; Tholen, of Leaven worth; Hunt, of Lyon; Ballard, of Washington: Riddle, of Jefferson.
Committee on Permanent Organization: Sear-, of Franklin; Shepherd, of Wabaunsee; McGrew, of Wyandotte; Low. of Doniphan; Limbocker, of Pottawatomie.
Officers: President, J. T. Cox, of Coftey ; Vice Presidents, Wm. M. In man of Franklin, Capt. Bowman of Atchison. Wm. Tholen of Leavenworth, W. E. Bowker of Shawnee, Thaddeus Prentice of Douglas; Secretaries. B. B. Lockwood of Morris, F. G. Adams of Atchison.
Voted to admit three delegates from each white regiment
First ballot for Governor: George A. Crawford, 23; Samuel J. Crawford, 16; W. W. H. Lawrence, 21; T. A. Osborn, 12; S. D. Houston, 3; J. C. Burnett, 3; J. W. Scott, 3; R. Riddle, 1. Sixth ballot: S. J. Crawford, 61; G. A. Crawford, 31.
Ballot for Member of Congress: Sidney Clarke, 46; A. C. Wilder, 35; D. R. Anthony, 3; Blank, 1.
For Lieutenant Governor: James McGrew, 38; J. W. Scott, 20; S. M. Strickler, 16.
R. A. Barker, of Atchison, was nominated for Secretary of State by acclamation.
For Auditor : John R. Swallow, 39; J. C. Lambdin, 22; C. L. Palmer, 7; Chester Thomas, 4.
Wm. Spriggs, of Anderson, was nominated for Treasurer by acclamation.
I. T. Goodnow was renominated for Superintendent of Public Instruction.
Jacob Safford was nominated by acclamation for Associate Justice.
For Presidential Electors: Ellsworth Cheeseborougb, of Atchison; Nelson McCracken, of Leavenworth; Robert McBratney, of Davis.
Mr. Cheeseborough and Mr. McCracken died before election dav. Tne electors finally voted for were Robert McBratney, Thomas Moonlight and W. F. Cloud.
SEPTEMBER 13.-- The Republican Union State Convention at Topeka made the following nominations: For Governor, Solon O. Thacher, of Douglas; Lieutenant Governor, John J. Installs, of Atchison; Secretary of State, William R. Sauders, of Coffey; Treasurer, J. R. McClure, of Davis; Auditor, Asa Hairgrove, of Linn; Attorney General, Hiram Griswold of Shawnee; Associate Justice, Samuel A. Kingman, of Brown; for Congress, Albert L. Lee, of Doniphan.
"Resolved, That we are in favor of a vigorous prosecution of the war against the Rebellion, and no compromise with traitors against the Government.
"Resolved, That as Kansas in the past has been most lavish of her men and means in sustaining the country against treason, so in the future she will ever he found among the foremost in standing by and supporting the Government.
"Resolved, That we endorse the platform of the Baltimore Convention, and most earnestly recommend that all loyal voters in Kansas give to Lincoln and Johnson their undivided support.
"Resolved, That the corruptionists and plunderers who are robbing the nation of the material aid necessary to carry on the war with success are the most efficient aiders of Jeff, Davis and the Rebellion, and must be put down.
" Resolved, That the practice of the utmost economy consistent with an efficient administration of the affairs of the Government is imperatively the duty of both National and State Administrations.
"Resolved, That the noble sons of Kansas, who have been and are now in the field, asserting the supremacy of the nation over armed treason, and conferring brilliant renown upon our young State, deserve and receive the most hearty sympathy and support of the people of the State.
"Resolved, That the people have the right to assemble in a peaceful manner, to consult for all lawful purposes, and that the threats of violent interference by a faction of corrupt revolutionists with the exercise of the elective franchise receive our unqualified disapprobation.
"Resolved, That we believe it to be the duty of all good men, irrespective of party, to unite in putting down the 'one-man power' in Kansas, the corrupt and tyrannical exercise of which has brought disgrace and untold evil upon the State."
SEPTEMBER 13.-- The Democratic State Convention at Topeka adopted the following platform:
" Whereas, The Delegate Convention of the Republican party, this day assembled at the Capital, has passed a resolution reaffirming the principles and re-establishing the rights guaranteed by the Constitution of the United States to every citizen thereof, and has declared that liberty of speech and of the press shall remain inviolate, and shall be maintained inviolate at all hazards throughout this State, and have moreover nominated candidates for the various offices to be filled at the uext election, men who have given evidence of devotion to those principles, and whose past record affords ample guarantee that their principles will be faithfully carried out in the administration of the government of the State: therefore,
"Resolved, That this Convention deem it inexpedient for the Democratic party of Kansas to nominate a State ticket, to be supported at the ensuing election, and we deem it impolitic for any Democrat in the State to permit his name to be used as a candidate for any State office or member of Congress.
"Resolved, That we hereby ratify the nomination of George B. McClellan, of New Jersey, for President, and George H. Pendleton, of Ohio, for Vice President, and pledge them our undivided support.
"Resolved, That we hereby ratify and adopt the Chicago platform as understood and construed by General George B. McClellan in Ms letter accepting the nomination of the Chicago Convention for President of the United States.
"Resolved, That we believe, in justice to our brave -soldiers from this State, who arc periling their lives in defence of the Constitution, the Union, and our homes, that the Constitution of the State should be so amended as to permit such soldiers to exercise the right of suffrage, and that we, as a party, are heartily in favor of the proposed amendment to our Constitution for that purpose.
"Resolved, That all Democratic papers in the State publish the following ticket : For President, George B. McClellan, of New Jersey. For Vice President, George II. Pendleton, of Ohio. For State Electors, Nelson Cobb. of Douglas; Thomas Bridgens. of Bourbon: and Andrew G. Ege, of Doniphan county.''
SEPTEMBER 20.-- W. W. Bloss becomes the editor of the Leavenworth Times. D. R. Anthony and Sidney Clarke buy the Bulletin.
-- Government train burned at Cabin Creek.
SEPTEMBER 27.-- General Ewing arrives at Rolla, Mo., after being surrounded by Harrison by Price's forces.