A Century of Greenwood County, KS History - Eureka Herald, 1968


A raid by Chief of Police P.V. Clark and city officials resulted in the confiscation of eight slot machines which had been in operation in Eureka. The local BPW Club, in observance of National BPW Week, had complete charge of all city departments for one day. Officers in charge included Olga Souders as mayor, and Anita Knight, police judge, city commissioners, volunteer fire department with Ethel Watson as chief and even a dog-catcher, Erma Hoffman. Justice was meted out to a number of culprits: L.F. Reed, who was arrested for transportation and possession of "liquor," left the courtroom to attempt to post a $25 bond and failed to return; Bill Rockhill was fined three packages of gum for flirting with the officers; C.G. Beal pled guilty to being a public nuisance at the fire hall and paid a fine with chocolates; C.M Cheney was placed in jail for five minutes for resisting officers and Ray Moore forfeited his hat after being charged with jay-walking.

Congress approved the repeal resolutions to the 18th amendment. Ratification was required by 36 states. The battle was won with the Kansas delegation voting dry. President Roosevelt signed a bill providing for the sale of 3.2 beer where it was not otherwise prohibited. The measure passed both houses with Kansas senators and representatives voting against the bill. Kansas had a "bone dry" law.

Construction on a new school house at Tonovay was started to replace the one destroyed by fire. The structure was to be a one-story with six classrooms and a gymnasium. The building formerly occupied by the Bancroft store, first door north of the Hartenbower Arcade, was being remodeled for the Fischer Grocery & Market. Oil and gasoline prices were declining in Kansas. Eureka filling stations were quoting regular grade gasoline at 10.8 cents per gallon, including tax; ethyl at 13.3 and the lower grade at 9.8.

A permanent improvement in Eureka's business section was being made by the Eureka Building & Loan at the corner of Main and Fifth. The entire building had been leased to the Bush Motor Co. Eureka held an election for a bond issue of $65,000 to build a distribution and building for a municipal light plant. Another clothing drive for the needy was sponsored by the American Legion. A distribution of free salt pork, furnished by the government, began in the county. The local office of the Home Owners' Loan Corp. approved loans to relieve distressed property owners.

Dr. T.J. Catlin of Wichita, osteopathic-physician, purchased the furniture and office equipment of the late Dr. R.A. Bower and began his practice in Eureka.


The new Higgins Cafe, 609 North Main, held its formal opening on New Year's Day. Charles Reno of Hamilton purchased the stock of the Cone Hardware store, to be operated by his son, R.C. Reno. Newspaper publishers of the county met in Eureka to discuss the advisability of forming a county authority in observance of the Graphic Arts Code. Problems of wages, working hours and price increases were to be considered.

The Greenwood County Creamery was to open a new plant in Eureka, manufacturing butter, ice cream, cottage cheese and other creamery products. An Audubon Society was organized in town at the home of M.E. Mozingo. The urgent need for water for stock in the Greenwood County area of the Flint Hills district was being alleviated to some extent by the activity of the KERC, which had begun a program of well-drilling and pond building on an extensive scale. Five wells had thus far been dug and surveys were being made for permanent ponds.

R.E. Teichgraeber had purchased a warehouse close to the Missouri-Pacific track on North Elm and was planning the construction of an elevator and two warehouses. He was installing a complete feed-mixing plant with grinding machines and was to operate his business, with the exception of the manufacture of flour, just the same as before the fire which destroyed the Eureka Mill and Elevator.

The Dymond Shoe Shop, Main and First, was damaged by a fire. The center parking system, recently inaugurated in Eureka, was being abolished. The plan had proven satisfactory but the state highway ordered the clearing of the main street since US-54 passed on that street and had to be kept open.

Eureka's newest business enterprise was the Lyle C. Baird Funeral Home at Second and Oak streets. Besides being a business asset to the city, the white frame structure of Colonial style was a place of beauty inside and out. The Home Furnishing Co. moved into its new home at 209 North Main, formerly known as Baird's Furniture Store. The new relocated business was owned by Baird.

Eleven reams of paper, intended to have been used in the printing of counterfeit money, was discovered by Sheriff Frank Stegge, at Madison. Two thousand bogus $5 bills were found and enough paper to print $82,500 of counterfeit money. One of the improvements in Eureka was the remodeling and installation of electric refrigeration in the Little Kastle lunch.

Title Page
1935 - 1936

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